Marianne Zandersen | Environmental Economist and Policy Analyst


Climate Change

Consequences and Opportunities of an Expanding Bio-energy Market in the Nordic Countries, Nordic Energy Research (2007 ongoing). Project coordinator, mapping of current use and application of bio-energy resources and technologies. Assessment of possibilities and consequences of an expanding bio-energy market in the Nordic countries and recommendations for concrete policy actions to develop a sustainable bio-energy sector.

Using Carbon Finance to Promote Sustainable Development in Ukraine, World Bank (2007). Project leader for an international consortium charged with the assignment to identify and develop at least six Project Idea Notes (PINs) under the Joint Implementation (JI) mechanism in Ukraine in the public and private sector. Projects identified in the fields of waste management, district heating, electricity production, and coal mine methane capture.

CDM Capacity Building in Caucasus, Foreign Ministry of Norway (2007 ongoing). Training and support for the development of Project Idea Notes under the Clean Development Mechanism in Azerbaijan in the sectors of agriculture, food industry, steel and oil and gas. The identified projects and PINs will be presented at an international workshop in Georgia, where project developers from the Caucasus can meet with international carbon emission reduction purchasers.

The Testing Ground Facility, Nordic Council of Ministers (2007). Research, analysis and interviews conducted for a memo on the work of the Climate Group of the Nordic Council of Ministers, the development and operation of the common Nordic carbon fund the Testing Ground Facility (TGF) and assessment of future possible avenues of the carbon fund after 2012.

Boiler Conversion Project in Karelia , Russia, TGF (2007). Marianne investigated the legal issues necessary for a bundling agent to properly operate under the Joint Implementation mechanism in relation to a fossil fuel switch project in nine district heating boiler houses and drafted the contract between the bundling agent and the project owners.

Combining ODA and CDM in Conservation Projects in Guinea, KfW (2006).

Marianne elaborated a concept for combining ODA and CDM in 6 National Parks in Guinea as a long-term solution to financing park administration and control.

Coal-to-Waste Wood Energy Switch in the Town of Onega, Arkhangelsk Oblast, North-West Russia, Onega Energy (2006).

Marianne was part of a team preparing and drafting the Project Design Document (PDD) of a Joint Implementation (JI) project in Russia. The purpose of the fuel switch project was to replace 42MW of outdated and inefficient coal fired municipal heating installations with modern biomass boilers, where the biomass come from a local sawmill and stockpile. Marianne was responsible for the analysis of financial additionality, the preparation of the monitoring and verification plan as well as social and environmental impact analysis. She also assisted the validator on site during the determination of the JI project.

Potential of Carbon sequestration of Harvested Wood Products in a Future International Emission Trading Scheme, Hamburg University (2005-2006). Marianne developed scenarios for a post-2012 international emission trading scheme and undertook macro-economic modelling of the effects of accounting for the carbon content in harvested wood products on the German wood sector and wider economy, using the general equilibrium model: Global Trade and Analysis Project (GTAP). The work was part of the project ‘Potential and Dynamik der C-Sequestrierung im Wald und Holz', which quantifies and evaluates the potential contribution of forests and the wood product sector in Germany to reducing or stabilise climate change impacts. The project is carried out for the Ministry of Research in Germany .

Pre-feasibility Study of a combined Jatropha-biodiesel project in Morocco, UK Investor (2005). Marianne assessed the climate component of a combined Jatropha plantation and bio-diesel production project in Morocco as part of a larger pre-feasibility project, evaluating the environmental, social and financial performance for a UK investor. She quantified expected permanent and temporary certified emission reductions (CERs), project emissions as well as main methodological requirements for submitting the project as a CDM project.

Ph.D. Thesis 'Valuing Forest Recreation in Europe: Time and Spatial Considerations', Hamburg University & Max Planck Research School Earth System Modelling, (2002-2005).

As part of a large integrated climate change impacts model, Marianne valued the demand for nature goods and services. A first part of the thesis focused on a benefit function transfer of forest recreation values at a European level, using the meta-analysis technique. The demand function for forest recreation allows a non-market ecosystem service to be included in the optimisation of a land use allocation model, which lets agriculture, industry, forestry, housing and nature recreation compete for land. The second part of her research focused on a value transfer over time and space of forest recreation values using a discrete choice model combined with Geographic Information System (GIS). The work was part of the ECOBICE project, an integrated, dynamic assessment model linking climate, ecosystem and economic models, that looked at development scenarios and policy questions in relation to climate change over 100 years.

Technical Assistance to Climate Change Studies in Bhutan, Netherlands Ministry of Foreign Ministry (2003-2005).

Marianne provided technical assistance as part of capacity building of Bhutanese officials within the Netherlands Climate Change Studies Assistance Programme (NCCSAP). The project included missions to Bhutan to provide assistance with the formulation and setting of priorities of research and establishing the research boundaries focusing on climate change impact, vulnerability and adaptation research with special focus on farm livelihood systems poverty alleviation, and advice on translating research results into policy measures. Climate change impact scenarios focused on three sectors: hydrological power, agriculture and forests. In addition, assistance was provided in formulating a micro-economic model on subsistence farming.

Screening of Monitoring and Verification Plans, GTZ (2004)

Marianne revised and gave comments on small-scale monitoring and verification plans (MVP) for a project in Bangladesh (solar home systems) and in South Africa (landfill gas recovery and use).

Review of SouthSouthNorth CDM Toolkit, GTZ (2004)

Marianne revised and gave detailed comments on a guidebook developed by the NGO SouthSouthNorth on the background of climate change and the development of CDM. The toolkit is a detailed self teaching internet program produced by a NGO from the developing world and aims host country project developers, DNAs, and NGOs involved in capacity building. After Marianne's reviews, t he toolkit was subsequently launched at COP10 in Buenos Aires.

Quantification of Qualitative Climate Change Risks in Financial Instruments, UNEP & German Watch (2004).

Marianne drafted a discussion paper for the UNEP Financial Initiative's second rating round table meeting. The paper looked at the business case for financial institutions and companies alike to include climate changes risks and liabilities in decision-making strategies and management practices and provided case studies and suggestions on how to include climate change in financial rating instruments.

Capacity Building Strategy for CDM host countries: India, Tunisia & Indonesia, GTZ, Germany (2003)

Marianne developed a CDM capacity building strategy for GTZ in relation to their upcoming activities in India, Tunisia and Indonesia. The strategies were tailored to the country-specific governmental and socio-economic sructures, the level of expertise in CDM already available and the type and amount of activities already ongoing in the three countries. The strategy was based on four main components: a) setting up the roadmap for CDM implementation; b) establishing the proper legal and institutional structures; c) enabling stakeholders to develop and implement CDM projects; and d) ensuring the long term sustainability of capacity building.

Indo-UK Climate Impact Programme, Defra (2002).

Marianne was the project manager of a large, 4-year programme involving close financial, political and administrative management. The joint Indo-UK research programme on climate change sought to evaluate sectoral climate change impacts in India including: energy, industry and transport, health, sea-level rise, water availability, agriculture and forests. Impact of a Natural Gas Pipeline in China on its National GHG Emission Level, (2002) As part of the planning process of a national gas pipeline in China for an energy company, Marianne assessed the potential impact of the pipeline of China's GHG emissions from a fuel switch to gas, delivered by the pipeline.

Equity Share Versus Control Management GHG accounting approach, (2002).

Marianne managed a project that assessed the benefits, disadvantages and the business case of applying different GHG accounting approaches. These are divided into the two main groups of control management and equity share reporting.

Modelling the Impacts of CO2 Emission Trading on the European Energy Sector (2002).

Marianne contributed with input to and analysis of the impacts of emission trading on the European Electricity Sector. Her focus was on different revenue recycling strategies and the consequent financial impacts on individual sectors participating in the European emission-trading scheme.

Pre-screening Investment Tool for Greenhouse Gas Emission, (2002).

Marianne developed and prepared worked examples of how to assess the emissions, trends and benchmarks for potential JI and CDM projects which a large mining company would consider investing in.

Incentives Bidding Mechanism, Defra (2000).

Marianne was part of the team preparing the base data for selecting the industry eligible to participate in the UK Government Incentives Bidding Mechanism. She also co-facilitated a workshop for industry to determine the optimal design of the UK emission trading scheme under the incentives bidding mechanism.

Cost-effectiveness of Carbon Sequestration in Europe, European Commission, DG Environment (1998).

Marianne was responsible for a cost-efficiency analysis on potential carbon sequestration in Europe and a selected range of developing countries. The study comprised substantial data collection and modelling taking into account carbon uptake potential, welfare-economic costs, biodiversity concerns and the integration potential of existing European structural funds and aid schemes.

Sustainability and Environmental Policy

Ecological and Climate Efficiency of EU Common Agricultural Policy, DG Agriculture, EU Commission (2005 ongoing).

As part of a larger study, Marianne conducted an analysis of the efficiency of the EU Common Agricultural Policy in France in terms of climate change, soil erosion, and biodiversity. This included revising budgets, evaluation studies and regional implementation plans. Also Italy, Germany, the UK, and Ireland were analysed during this study.

Environmental Economy of Three English Regions: Yorkshire and the Humber, East Midlands and the North East (2001-2002).

Marianne was responsible for the land-based and environmental industries sectors, evaluating the economic benefits of environmental enhancement activities the natural and built environment as well as and its potential within three regions in England. The work required preparing an estimate of the contribution to gross national product made by the environmental sector in the region, as well as the number of jobs dependent on the sector. An analysis of trends, drivers and potential was also prepared, together with practical recommendations for maximising the potential of the sectors, and building on links between the environment and economic development in the region.

LIFE Environment Monitoring (2000 -2002).

As part of the monitoring team of LIFE Environment projects in the UK and Ireland, Marianne undertook monitoring of the financial and technical performance of EU funded LIFE Environment projects. She monitored projects linking eco-networks, developing sustainability indicators for the urban environment and setting up green transport plans.

Integrating Environmental Sustainability into LEADER+ Programme in Wales, Countryside Council for Wales (2001-2002).

Marianne wrote a guidance document setting out how the EU co-funded LEADER+ project managers and individual projects can integrate environmental sustainability into rural development.

Edinburgh Waverley Station: Provision of Office Accommodation for the City Council, Railtrack Plc (2001).

Marianne was part of the Railtrack Design Team undertaking preparation for a preferred bidder presentation with regard to the development of the new headquarters of the City of Edinburgh Council. Marianne contributed with guidance on how the Council could meet its aspirations for sustainable development in relation to the construction of the new headquarters of the City of Edinburgh Council. Guidance included applying sustaibility to the built environment, how to make the most sustainable use of land and buildings, waste minimisation, embodied energy, energy in use, pollution and toxicity, preserve and enhance bio-diversity, conserve water resources and support the local community and economy. ERM also gave guidance on how to measure and report the sustainability performance during the construction process.

Updating the STAR database, European Environment Agency (2001-2002).

Marianne was a project manager on the up-date of the EEA's STAR database on environmental policy targets and sustainable reference values internationally and nationally. As part of the up-date of the STAR database, Marianne is currently drafting a report on the links between legislative targets and the 6 th Environmental Action Programme: Nature & Bio-diversity, Climate Change, Environment & Health and Natural Resources and Waste, using indicators from the EEA's Environmental Assessment Reports. The work will inform the EIONET partner organisations of the EEA as well as policy makers.

Neighbour and Neighbourhood Noise - A Review of European Legislation and Practices. Defra (2001-2002).

Marianne examined how Denmark and Germany legislate and act on neighbour and neighbourhood noise nuisance and to identified good practice that might be considered for adoption in the UK. The report, which covered the whole of Europe aimed at providing assistance to DEFRA and the Devolved Administrations in developing policy and guidance to tackle neighbour and neighbourhood noise.

Legislative and Policy Review of Health and Safety Issues in Denmark, Orange (2001).

Marianne undertook an all-round legislative and policy review of health and safety related issues in Denmark for a telecommunication company, looking at societal pressures and legislative requirements in the area of noise, waste, radiation, corporate social and environmental responsibility which involved contacts with central and regional government administrations and private organisations.

Mapping of the Environmental Goods and Services Sector in the West Midlands, the Environment Agency (2002).

Marianne undertook a research of the ways European Regions support the environmental industry sector as part of a wider study on mapping and assessing future opportunities and actions of the environmental goods and services sector.

Development of a Regional Sustainable Business Strategy, Ringkøbing County, Denmark(1999-2000).

Marianne was responsible for the elaboration of a sustainable business strategy for a 12 year period in the region of West Jutland. The work involved substantial data modelling, GIS programming as well as negotiations on administrative and political level with Local Authorities.

Regional sustainability plan, Ringkøbing County, Denmark (1999-2000).

Marianne was part of a team drafting and sending in public consultation a 12 year sustainable policy and action plan for the region of West Jutland, balancing the needs for regional development in agriculture, industry, tourism and services with targets for environmental performance. As part of the exercise, Marianne participated in the development of sustainability indicators for the working areas the County Environment Department.

Wetlands in Spatial Planning, Ringkøbing County, Denmark(1999-2000).

Marianne was responsible for a socio-economic and planning project on developing sustainable tourism in the West Jutland's rich coastal wetlands. The project was part financed of the Interreg IIb programme with 5 international partners. Marianne undertook the preliminary analysis of the potentials and scope of wetland development in Ringkoebing county region making use of existing habitat and species indicators and assessing the carrying capacity for future tourism development.

Feasibility study on drinking water technology, Soaf Environnement, France (1994-1995).

Marianne conducted a feasibility study on the implementation on innovative membrane technology in drinking water production aimed at particular rural regions and developing countries. The analysis included extensive data collection and analysis of future development in the water sector.

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